Approved by the XVII FIAS Congress Minutes
(November’2006, Sofia, Bulgaria)
In Sambo Competitions Rules (later Rules) the most important issues of officiating, competition organization and the work of officials are dealt with.
The edition is meant for coaches, officials, organizers and broad sections of athletes practicing Sambo.
The Rules are intended for obligatory direction in organization and conduct of Sambo competitions (sports and combat) starting from January 1, 2006.
Part 1.Character and Methods of Conducting Competitions
Article 1.Character of competitions
1. By its character the competitions are divided into:
d) classification (Open mat).
2. The character of the competitions is defined by the Competition Regulations (later Regulations) set for a certain contest (see appendix 1).
3. In individual contests only individual results and the places of participants in their weight categories shall by defined.
4. In team competitions the teams meet each other and by the results of these meets the team places shall be defined.
5. In individual-team competitions individual places of participants shall be defined, the place of the team is defined depending on individual results of its contestants and in accordance with the Competition Regulations.
6. In classification competitions individual and team places are not defined, but the results are taken into consideration to improve or confirm the participants’ sports qualification.
Article 2.Systems and Methods to Conduct Competitions
1. At the competitions the contestants compete in one group (system with no subgroups) or by means of a draw they are divided into several groups (system with subdivision into subgroups). In the last case the principle according to which the best contestants proceed to the next stage of competitions and the worst ones are eliminated should by explained additionally. In this case the competitions shall be divided into preliminary ones and finals.
2. Within every stage the competitions may be held according to one of the two methods:
a) circular, when each contestant meets every other ones;
b) with contestants’ elimination after the number of defeats set by the Regulations.
3. The order of bouts among contestants (teams) shall be defined by the drawing of lots (a draw) and chosen system and method to conduct the competitions.
4. The system and the method to conduct preliminary and final parts of the competitions shall be stated by the Regulations.
5. Systems with different variations of combination methods to conduct the preliminary part and the finals are described, as well as the methods of conducting team competitions by the results of which the placing in team competitions is defined (see appendixes 2.1, 2.2; 3.1, 3.2; 4.1, 4.2, 4.3; 5; 6.1, 6.2, 6.3)
Article 3.Age groups
All the contestants shall be divided into the following age groups:
|Younger children (Kids)||11 – 12 years old||11 – 12 years old|
|Schoolchildren||13 – 14 years old||13 – 14 years old|
|Cadets||15 – 16 years olds||15 – 16 years olds|
|Juniors||17 – 18 years old||17 – 18 years old|
|Youth||19 – 20 years old||19 – 20 years old|
|Seniors||19 and older||19 and older|
|Veterans||35 – 39, 40 – 44, 45 – 49, 50 – 54, 55 – 59||60 and older|
Article 4.Admission to the Competitions
1. The conditions of the contestants’ admission to the competition, their sports membership, qualification and age, as well as the list of documents to be submitted to the Mandate Commission, shall be stipulated by the competition Regulations. Participants of International Competitions included into the Calendar of the International Amateur Sambo Federation (FIAS) must possess the International competitor’s license.
2. Entry lists from an organization for its members’ participation shall be made in the prescribed form (appendix 7) with the compulsory, certified by stamps, signatures of the head of the organization, the coach and the doctor verifying the competitors’ corresponding readiness. The date to submit preliminary entries is stated by the competition Regulations. The final entry to participate in competitions shall be submitted to the Mandate Commission by the team representative not later than 2 hours before the weigh-in starts.
3. Admission of competitors is accomplished by the Mandate Commission including a representative of the organization conducting the competitions, Chief official or his deputy, Chief Secretary, Chief Doctor and members of the commission who check entries and competitors’ documents and their correspondence to the Regulation requirements. The representative of the host organization is responsible for competitors’ admission in questionable situations.
4. Competitors’ admission is accomplished in accordance with the given Regulations but it is permitted to admit to a certain age group the players who were born a year earlier.
5. Athletes who are of 17 years of age have the right to compete in senior groups.
Article 5.Weight Categories
Participants of competitions are distributed into the following weight categories:
Younger children and schoolchildren
In the junior and senior groups (men and women) the competitions for the Absolute Champion may be held without competitors’ distribution into weight categories. Minimum weight in such competitions shall be stated in the Regulations.
1. The object of the weigh-in is to state the correspondence of competitors’ weight to the limits of one of the weight categories. A competitor has the right to compete at the given competition only in the weight category stated for him at the weigh-in.
2. The order and time of the weigh-in shall be stated in the Regulations. A competitor who is late to the weigh-in or misses it is not admitted to the competitions. During 1 hour before the start of the weigh-in contestants are allowed to get on the scales used for the official weigh-in as many times as they wish. The weigh-in shall be held one time on the first day of competitions or a day before and shall last 1 hour. If the weigh-in is held on the day of the competitions it shall begin not less than 2 hours before the beginning of the competitions. It is allowed to use several scales but competitors of a certain weight category shall be weighed on the same scales.
3. The weigh-in shall be held by officials’ team appointed by the Chief official including a Chief official deputy (one of Mat chairmen), a representative of the competition secretariat, a doctor and two or three officials.
4. Before the weigh-in all the competitors shall undergo appearance medical control held by the competition doctor. Competitors shall be weighed in a special room or behind the screen, half-naked: men wearing athletic supporters, women-low-necked swimsuits.
5. At the weigh-in a competitor shall submit the document with a photo certifying his or her identity, competitor’s license, insurance, medical control card and the filled in form.
6. Results of the weigh-in are entered in the score sheet (appendix 8) that shall be signed by all the members of the officials’ team.
Article 7. Competitor’s Duties and Rights
1. A competitor is obliged:
a) to observe strictly the Rules, Program and competition Regulations;
b) to obey officials’ demands;
c) to come forward to the mat immediately when called by the Board of Officials;
d) to inform immediately the Board of Officials in case it is impossible because of any reason to continue the competition;
e) to shake hands with the opponent before and after the bout;
f) to be correct in relation to all competitors, officials, people who conduct and serve the competitions and spectators;
g) to compete shaved or with a short beard of several months growth, nails closely cut, wearing a neat sports dress licensed by FIAS.
2. A participant has the right:
a) to appeal to officials through the representative of his/her team; in the course of individual competitions (in case the representative is absent) to address the Chief official directly;
b) 1 hour prior to the start of the weigh-in check the body weight on the official scales;
c) in proper time to get the necessary information of the course of the competitions: the Program, changes in the Program if any, pairing for the next round, the results of the bouts, etc.;
d) to use 2 minutes in the course of the bout to get medical aid.
Article 8. Dress
1. Competitor’s dress consists of: the jacket, Sambo shoes and shorts. Besides, the male participants may wear a protective athletic supporter or non-metallic groin-guards and females – the bra and high-necked swimsuit.
The Sambo jacket shall be of red and blue color of special cut and the belt made of some cotton fabric.
The sleeve shall cover the arm up to the hand, the width of the sleeve shall make the clear space not less than 10 cm in between the arm and the sleeve along its length. On the line of the waist there shall be two holes at the distance of 5 cm, before and behind of the side seam, to run the belt through.
The belt shall be put through these holes twice and tightly embrace the body and tied in front by the knot, fastening together its both ends.
The ends of the tied belt shall not exceed 15 cm. The laps of the jacket shall be 20-25 cm lower than the waist line.
At all the official competitions only jackets with FIAS emblem (patent) are allowed to use.
Sambo shoes shall be made of soft leather with a soft sole and without any protruding stiff parts. All the seams should be closed up inside.
Ankles and feet at the big toe joint shall be protected by small felt pads covered with leather.
Sambo shorts shall be made of woolen, half-woolen or synthetic jersey of red or blue color.
Their upper part shall reach the waist line and the lowest one shall cover one third of a hip.
2. Competitors shall appear for the Opening and Awarding ceremonies wearing the sports uniform of their team.
3. It is forbidden to wear during the bout rings, bracelets, ear rings, chains and other objects that might cause injury to the opponent.
Article 9. Team Representatives, Coaches and Captains
1. A Representative (head) of a certain team comes in between the Officiating Board and competitors. In case the team has no special representative its coach or captain shall fulfill his duties.
2. The representative is responsible for the discipline of his team competitors and ensures their presence at the competitions in time.
3. The representative shall participate in the drawing of lots, meetings of the Officiating Board if it is held jointly with them.
4. A representative has the right to submit to the Chief official a verbal and written protest (see article 37) grounded by the reference to the article and paragraph of the Rules.
5. Representatives, coaches and team captains are forbidden to interfere in the directions of officials and persons conducting competitions.
6. In the course of competitions a representative shall stay at a special place intended for representatives.
7. A representative (coach) can not act as an official at the given competitions.
8. For non-compliance with the duties a representative can be discharged from the leadership of the team.
9. In the course of the bout the coach (in a sports uniform) has to second the bout staying at a special place set for that near the mat, not leaving it during the bout and not interfering in the work of the officials.
Part 3. Officials
Article 10. Composition of the Officiating Board
1. The composition of the Officials Board is recommended by the corresponding Sambo Federation.
2. The officials shall consist of: Chief Officiating Board – Chief official, Chief official deputies, mat chairmen, Chief secretary ; referees, judges, timekeepers, secretaries, announcers, officials attached to competitors; serving personnel – commentators, doctors, superintendent and others (calculation of the necessary number of officials and serving staff is given in appendix 9).
3. The officiating team for each bout shall consist of: 1 mat chairman, 1 referee, 1 judge, 1 timekeeper, 1 technical secretary and an informant (announcer).
4. The neutral officials’ trio shall evaluate competitors’ actions in the course of the bout: the mat chairman, the referee and the judge representing three different teams. Each of them evaluates the competitors’ actions independently and while considering protests and questionable moments shall ground his actions by corresponding Regulations of the Rules.
5. An official shall have the official’s uniform (costume), the official’s card (certificate), the license, Rules of the competitions and the whistle.
The official’s uniform (costume) shall consist of a white shirt with two-color sleeves (red right sleeve and blue left one), white trousers, socks and sports shoes approved by FIAS. On the left side of the chest there shall be the official’s emblem of the corresponding category.
Article 11. The Chief Official
1. The Chief official directs the competitions and is responsible for their conduct in accordance with the present Rules and Regulations to the organization arranging the competitions and the corresponding Sambo federation.
2. The Chief Official is obliged:
a) to check the readiness of the venue for the competitions, the equipment and inventory outfit, their correspondence to the requirements of the present Rules, draw up a Statement of the venue acceptance (appendix 10) and also to be convinced that all the necessary documents are available;
b) to appoint officials for the weigh-in;
c) to hold the drawing of lots;
d) to approve the schedule of the competitions;
e) to distribute officials to the teams for separate mats;
f) to hold the meetings of the officials and team representatives before the start of the competitions (to announce the Rules and the officials’ order of work) and every day after their end (to discuss the course of the competitions and results of the day) and also when it is necessary during the competitions;
g) to take all the measures to avoid or correct when necessary mistakes made by officials;
h) in proper time to make decisions on applications and protests submitted by team representatives (coaches, captains) in accordance with article 37;
i) to approve pairing off for the finals and appoint officiating teams to conduct them;
j) to evaluate the work of every member of the officials (taking in account his/her direct chief opinion) according to 5 point system;
k) within 3 days to submit the report (see appendix 11) to the organization conducting the competitions.
3.The Chief Official has the right:
a) to cancel competitions in case the venue or inventory outfit do not correspond to the Rules before their beginning;
b) to interrupt the bout, to make a break or to stop the competitions in case of unfavorable conditions preventing normal conduction of competitions;
c) to make changes in the Program and schedule of the competitions in case of the utmost necessity;
d) to change the officials functions in the course of the competitions;
e) to withdraw officials for gross errors or those who fail to fulfill their duties, marking it in the report and informing the Board of Officials of the corresponding Federation;
f) to declare a warning (or withdraw from carrying out their duties) to representatives, coaches and captains for rude behavior or arguments with the officials and those submitting groundless protests,
g) to delay the declaring of the technical action evaluation or the result of the bout if officials’ opinions differ and in case he disagrees with their opinion, for additional discussion and final decision;
h) to declare the final decision on evaluation of the technical action or the result of the bout in a questionable situation if one of the three officials supports his decision;
i) to change the sequence of bouts in the finals if it becomes necessary.
4. The Chief Official has no right to change the competition Regulations and withdraw or change officials in the course of the bout.
5. It is obligatory for contestants, officials, team representatives and coaches to fulfill the Chief official’s directions.
6. On the instructions of the Chief Official his functions at the competitions can be accomplished by his deputy or one of the mat chairmen.
Article 12. Chief Secretary
1. The Chief s Secretary directs the work of competition secretariat.
2. The Chief Secretary shall:
a) to be a part of Mandate Commission and officials’ team at the weigh-in;
b) to take part in the drawing of lots;
c) to make up the Regulations and the schedule of the course of competitions;
d) to keep the score sheets of the competitions;
e) to make up the order of bouts in rounds;
g) to put the directions and decisions of the Chief official in order;
h) to submit to the Chief official’s consideration the results of the competitions for approval and the necessary information for the account total;
i) to give information for representatives, commentators and correspondents if the Chief official approves;
3. To assist the Chief Secretary a deputy-one of the secretaries- is appointed.
Article 13. The Mat Chairman
1. The mat chairman shall be seated at the table while officiating at the bout and direct the work of the officiating team.
2. The mat chairman shall:
a) to compose the officiating teams for the bout with the Chief official’s permission;
b) to call and introduce the participants of the bout and also announce its result (in case the commentator is absent);
c) to evaluate the contestants’ actions and situations with the proper gestures (see appendix 12) and taking into account the opinion of the majority of votes declare the final decision;
d) when necessary or in case of a considerable disagreement of opinions among the three officials interrupt the bout and make the final decision after the additional discussion of the questionable situation;
e) after declaring the wrestler the second warning invite the Chief Official to the mat to discuss if the third warning should be declared.
Article 14. The Referee
1. The referee, while on the mat and using the means of officiating signaling (the whistle, terms and gestures according to the appendix 12), directs the course of the bout, evaluates the contestants’ holds, actions and positions, follows the course of the bout and provides its proper conduct strictly according to the Rules.
2. The Referee shall:
a) take part in contestants’ introduction,
b) blow the whistle to begin the bout and resume it after the breaks (if any) in Standing position in the middle of the mat.
c) interrupt the bout:
– if the players get in the “off mat” position (see article 33);
– if in the Ground position they are not active enough and don’t display any real attempts to apply technical actions;
– if one of the contestants needs the medical assistance signaling it with the gesture “stop the time”;
– if some disorder in a contestant’s dress is found;
– if a contestant breaks the rules or is applying a prohibited hold and a caution or a warning shall be declared (except the case stated in p. 3 of the given article);
– at the request of the mat chairman;
– at the demand of the judge if the referee finds proper to do it at the given moment;
– at the request of the contestant if the referee finds it proper at the given moment;
– if he needs a consultation in the cases not foreseen by the Rules;
d) stop the bout ahead of time:
– at the submission signal of the contestant who is in the Ground position;
– if two of the three officials evaluate the throw applied by the contestant as a Total Victory;
– if one of the contestants displays Great Superiority in the bout;
– in case of the decision to eliminate the contestant from the bout or his disqualification;
e) blow the whistle by the gong signal to end the bout;
f) take both contestants hands in the middle of the mat when the result is declared and raise the winner’s arm.
3. If the defensive player in Ground position applies a prohibited hold, the referee without interrupting the bout demands to stop the application of a prohibited hold and declares a warning. In case the contestant disobeys, the referee shall interrupt the bout, declare the player the second warning for the application of the prohibited hold and by the Chief of the Officials decision eliminate him from the bout (see article 30, p. 1, a).
4. As soon as one of the contestants is taken for the hold-down the referee shall announce in a loud voice “Count Hold-down!” and make a proper gesture “hold-down”. After 10 seconds he shall say in a loud voice “Ten seconds!”, and after 20 seconds elapse he shall announce: “Hold-down is scored!” and with a corresponding gesture show the evaluation of it.
If during the hold-down the defensive contestant assumes the position on his chest, stomach or buttocks when the angle between his back at the line of the shoulder-blades and the mat plane is more than 90 degrees, or he will push the opponent’s body off his own, or both of them find themselves in the “Off Mat” position (see article 33) the referee shall announce “Escape!” and lower his arm.
If the top contestant switches from the hold-down to the painful hold the referee shall announce: “Out!”
5. As soon as one of the Sambo wrestlers starts to apply a painful hold the referee shall announce in a loud voice “Count the time!” and make a proper gesture.
Since that moment 60 seconds are given to apply a painful hold. After this time elapses the referee shall interrupt the bout with his whistle announcing: “Not valid!” and resume the bout in the middle of the mat. If the attacker applying the painful hold, before the time elapses, switches to a hold-down or other technical actions in Ground position or if the defensive wrestler escapes from the painful hold and counter attacks, the count of the time for the painful hold is stopped but the bout is not interrupted.
In case one of the contestants starts a painful hold again 60 seconds are given anew.
Article 15. The Judge
1. The judge is positioned near the mat opposite the officials’ table. If it is necessary, he may stand up from his seat and moving along the edge of the mat came closer to the contestants to see the situation better.
2. The judge evaluates contestants’ actions independently signaling his evaluations with the proper gestures (see appendix 12).
3. In all the cases when to his opinion the bout shall be interrupted, the judge makes a proper gesture thus attracting the referee’s attention and points out certain moments of the contest.
Article 16. The Timekeeper
1. The timekeeper shall sit at the mat chairman’s table. He counts the time of the bout, hold-down and painful holds: after 2 minutes elapse he informs officials and contestants of the time of the bout, with the gong sound gives the signal of the end of the bout.
2. The timekeeper fixes by his stop-watch the contestant’s delay to come to the mat after the first call and announces the time after the expiry of the first and every 30 seconds following.
3. With the interruption of the bout the timekeeper by the referee’s whistle or by the mat chairman’s indication stops his stop-watch and by the referee’s whistle, starts it again counting actual time of the bout.
4. As soon as the referee during the bout announces “Count hold-down!” the timekeeper shall start his stop-watch and in every 5 seconds announce in a loud voice “Five!”, “Ten!”, “15!” and after the expiration of 20 seconds: “Time of hold-down!”
5. As soon as the referee during the bout announces: “Count the painful hold!” the timekeeper shall start his stop-watch and count the time announcing the time of the painful hold in every 10 seconds (besides 55 seconds). After the expiration of 60 seconds the timekeeper announces: “Time of the painful hold!”
Article 17. Technical Secretary, Informant, Commentator
1. The technical secretary shall sit at the mat chairman’s table and in the course of the bout write down in the corresponding column of the score sheet (appendix 13) evaluations of technical actions and warnings declared by the mat chairman. After the end of the bout he writes down the sum of the points and the time of the bout and hands the score sheet to the mat chairman to define and declare the result of the bout and after that writes down this result in the score sheet.
2. Evaluations of holds in succession of their application by the contestants shall be entered in the score sheet with the figures 1, 2 or 4, activity – with the letter “A”.
Evaluations for hold-downs shall be outlined by the circle. Recording of evaluations in the bout shall be done in such a way that it would be easy to define which one of the evaluations was the last. For instance, after the evaluation of every technical action, except the last one, the sign + (plus) is added.
Cautions are marked with letter “0”. If the contestant was given the first (second) warning, 1(2) it is written down to his opponent.
Total victory is written down with the sign “X” with the explanation “throw” of “painful hold”. Elimination from the bout for the ordinary breaking the Rules according to the article 30, pp. 1, 2 is marked in the score sheet with the sign X. When the contestant is eliminated from the competitions in the course of the bout according to art. 30. pp. 3, 4., the sign X is used with the explanation “injury”, or “breaking the Rules”.
A contestant who does not come to the bout, is eliminated from the competitions. In front of his name depending on the reason it shall be written down “f/a” (failure to appear) or “med” (eliminated by the doctor) and to his opponent the result 4 : 0 with the time 0 min. 00 sec. is written down (0.00 – victory by the opponent’s elimination from the bout).
If the bout ends ahead of time its actual time is fixed in the score sheet. On the left of the contestant’s name the time spent for medical help, if any, shall be written down. While defining the result of the bout in corresponding columns the sum of technical points and the ones for the warnings to the opponent, accumulated by every contestant, and positive points in accordance with the table of article 25, are written down. The name of the winner is encircled, the name of the loser is crossed out.
It is forbidden to make other records in the score sheet.
3. The informant of the mat shows the evaluations of the contestants’ actions in the bout on the scoreboard or a demonstration panel after the mat chairman announces them.
4. The commentator announces the Program and the order of conducting the competitions, introduces the participants of the regular bout, gives their sports description, clarifies certain regulations of the competition Rules and announces the result of every bout if the Chief Official permits. If the competitions are held in two premises simultaneously they shall be served by two commentators.
5. Depending on information equipment it is allowed to combine the work of the timekeeper and the informant or the technical secretary and the informant.
6. In case no commentator is available, with the Chief Official permission mat chairmen may introduce officiating teams of the mat, call to the mat and introduce the regular pair of contestants, announce the evaluations of the holds in the course of the bout and after its end – the result.
Article 18. The Official Attached to Contestants
The official attached to the contestants is obliged to:
a) before the start of the competitions check the presence of participants on the given day of the competitions and the correspondence of their dress to the requirements of the present Rules.
b) to acquaint the contestants with the Program and the schedule of the competitions’ course;
c) to inform the players of the order of their coming forward to the mat;
d) to inform the Chief referee or the mat chairman if a contestant fails to step up to the mat or is eliminated from the competitions.
Article 19. The Doctor Of The Competitions
1. The doctor of the competitions shall be a member of the Officials’ Board as the Chief official’s deputy in the medical service and take part in its work.
2. The doctor of the competitions shall:
a) be a member of the commission that accepts the venue of the competitions:
b) check the entries and doctor’s visa concerning the contestants’ admission to the competitions;
c) be present at the weigh-in and carry out the medical control (external examination and the like) of the contestants;
d) check the observance of medical-hygienic requirements at the competitions venue;
e) carry out medical examination and observation of the participants in the course of the competitions;
f) provide the fighters with the medical service directly on the mat, make the decision whether or not a contestant is in the condition to continue the contest, inform the Chief official immediately and submit the corresponding information for the Secretariat;
g) after the end of the competitions submit the report of the medical provision of the competitions stating the cases of injuries and diseases if any (see appendix 14).
Article 20. Superintendent Of The Competitions
1. The superintendent of the competitions is responsible for the timely preparation and decorative design of the competition area, security, placing and service of participants and spectators, radio installation of the venue, maintenance of the order during the competitions and provide with all the necessary arrangements by the Chief referee’s instructions.
2. The superintendent is responsible for the preparation and functioning of the special equipment and stock to conduct the competitions in accordance with the articles 38, 39.
Part 4. The Rules of Officiating
Article 21. The Contents of Sambo Contest
In the course of a Sambo contest it is permitted to apply throws, hold-downs, painful holds (Arm locks and Leg locks) and other attacking and defensive actions in definite positions of the contestants.
I. Contestants’ Positions
1. Standing – such a position when the contestant touches the mat with his both feet only (is standing on his feet).
2. Ground – such a position when the contestant touches the mat with any part of the body except his feet.
In Ground position as well as while falling down after the throws or switching to Ground contest, the player can find himself:
a) on his back – in such a position when he touches the mat with his shoulder blades or rapidly (without stopping) rolls over on his back; “bridge” position when the contestant with his back to the mat touches it with his feet and the head only, is equal to the position “on the back”;
b) on a side – in such a position when the contestant touching the mat with one shoulder blade and his back at the shoulder level makes and angle up to 900 to the mat; a “half bridge” position when the contestant finds himself with his back to the mat and touches it with his feet, the head and a shoulder is equal to the “on a side” position;
c) on the chest or the stomach – in such a position when the contestant touches the mat with his chest or stomach and his back at the shoulder blades level makes and obtuse angle to the mat;
d) on the buttocks or the waist – in such a position when the contestant touches the mat with one (or two) buttock or with his small of the back (waist);
e) on the shoulder – in such a position when the contestant touches the mat with his shoulder joint or a shoulder pressed to his body;
f) on his knees (a knee) – in such a position when the contestant touches the mat with his knees (or a knee) and may sit on his calves without touching the surface of the mat with his buttocks;
g) on the hands (a hand) – in such a position when the contestant touches the surface of the mat with his hands or the forearms (a forearm).
3. Standing fight – both contestants are in “Standing” position.
4. Ground fight – one or both contestants are in “Ground position”.
1. A throw is such a contestant’s action with the grip that makes his opponent lose the balance and fall down on the mat touching it with any part of the body except his feet, that is finds himself in one of the “Ground” positions. Counter throw is a throw when a defensive player responding to the opponent’s attack seizes the initiative and applies the throw himself changing the character or the direction of the attacker’s falling down.
2. Only the throws that are applied by the contestant from standing (before the opponent’s falling down) shall be scored.
It is considered that the throw is applied by the attacker from standing position without falling down if during the throw (from its start to the very end) he keeps his “Standing” position. The throw is considered to be applied with the attacker’s falling down when applying the throw he switches to one of the “Ground” positions or leans on his lying opponent to keep his balance.
Any turns over as well as the throws applied by the contestant who is in “Ground” position are not evaluated.
3. Depending on the attacker’s initial positions the following throws are distinguished:
a) throws of the opponent who is in standing position; of the same value are the throws when the attacker in the course of the throw shifts the opponent who is in one of “Ground” positions to Standing one or completely lifts him off the mat above his own waist and turns him over horizontal axis while throwing;
b) throws of the opponent who is on his knees or hands with his turning over horizontal axis; of the same value are the throws of the opponent who is in one of the “Ground” positions with his complete lift off the mat but lower than waist line and turning him over horizontal axis.
The opponent’s lift off and dropping him to the same position without turning him over is not scored. In any case the throws ending with the opponent’s falling down on his hands are not evaluated.
III. Painful Holds (Arm locks and Leg locks)
1. A painful hold is considered when the opponent’s arm or leg is locked in Ground position and it makes possible to apply the following actions: bend over (Lever), twisting a joint (Knot), pinching the tendons or the muscles (pinch) thus forcing the opponent to give up.
The start of the painful hold is considered after the attacker grips the opponent’s extremities at a certain place to make him feel the pain or overcome his defensive hold. 60 sec. is given for these actions.
2. It is allowed to start the application of the painful hold when the defensive contestant is in “Ground” position; the attacker may stay in standing position.
3. The application of a painful hold shall be stopped if the defensive player assumes the “Standing” position and lifts the attacker’s body (shoulders) off the mat.
4. The application of the painful hold on the leg shall be stopped as soon as the defensive fighter assumes the “Standing” position.
1. A hold-down is a hold by means of which the attacker during a certain period of time forces his opponent to lie down on the mat on his back and presses his body with his own body weight (or presses the opponent’s arms clasped to his body).
2. Counting out the time starts with the moment when the attacker presses his body (chest, side, back) to the opponent’s body and fixes it in the position “on shoulder blades”.
3. The hold-down ends when the player who was under the hold-down switches to positions “on the chest”, “on the stomach” or “on the buttocks” (but not “on the waist”) when the angle between his shoulder blades and the mat is over 900, when he pushes the attacker up off his body or when the attacker switches to the painful hold.
Article 22. Start And End Of The Bout
1. Competitors are called to step up to the mat to conduct the bout.
2. Before the start of the bout the contestant who was called first (red dress) shall take his place in the red corner of the mat and his opponent (blue dress) – in the blue corner. After the introduction, by the referee’s gesture they come to the middle of the mat and shake hands.
Then they make a step back and by the referee’s whistle start the bout.
3. The bout ends by the sound of the gong (sound signal) but not by the referee’s whistle.
4. After the end of the bout the competitors return to their respective corners they occupied before the start of the bout. To declare the results the referee calls the players to the middle of the mat, takes both contestants’ wrists, then lifts the winner’s hand up (see appendix 15), after that the contestants shake hands and leave the mat.
Article 23. Course and Duration of the Bout
1. The duration of the bout shall be as follows:
– for seniors and juniors (men) – 5 minutes;
– for seniors over 60 years of age – 3 minutes;
– for seniors and juniors (women) – 4 minutes;
– for cadets, schoolchildren and kids (boys and girls) – 4 minutes;
– for veterans (men) – 4 minutes;
– for veterans (women) – 3 minutes.
2. Counting out the time of the bout begins at the first sound of the referee’s whistle. The time of breaks is not included in the actual time of the bout.
In extreme situations it is allowed to include the time of breaks, not accompanied by the referee’s gesture “Stop the time!”, in the actual time of the bout (except semi-finals and finals) if it is stipulated in the Regulations of the competitions.
3. In the course of the bout the contestants shall not leave the mat without the referee’s permission.
If it is necessary, the contestant may leave the mat with the referee’s permission to put his dress in order.
4. In case of an injury the contestant is given not more than 2 minutes in the course of bout. The medical assistance is rendered directly on the mat (edge of the mat)
Article 24. The Number of the Bouts
1. In case the competitions last one day the number of bouts for seniors shall not exceed 9. If the competitions last over one day, the number of bouts per day shall not exceed 5. For juniors, cadets and schoolchildren the corresponding standards shall not exceed 7 bouts in one day competitions and 4 for those of many days.
2. The rest period in between the bouts shall not be less than 10 minutes for seniors and juniors and not less than 15 minutes for schoolchildren and youth.
Article 25. The Outcome and Evaluation of the Bout
1. The bout can result in the victory of one of the fighters and the defeat of the other or in the defeat of both contestants.
2. The victory can be (see the table of results and scoring in the bout):
b) by Superiority;
c) on Points;
e) on Warnings;
f) by the opponent’s elimination from the bout for passivity.
Results of the bout
|1.||TOTAL VICTORY (ahead of time!)|
|a) Total throw||
|b) painful hold;||
|c) by Great Superiority||
|(12 points and over difference)|
|d) the bout can’t be continued (refusal, injury, time limit for medical help exceeded);||
|e) opponent’s disqualification for breaking the Rules||
|2.||VICTORY BY SUPERIORITY|
|(8-11 points advantage)|
|- the loser has got technical points;||
|- the loser has no technical points||
|3.||VICTORY ON POINTS|
|(1-7 points advantage)|
|- the loser has got technical points;||
|- the loser has no technical points;||
|a) under the equal number of points and the absence of “A” evaluations:|
|- by the number of technical points;|
|- the loser has got technical points;||
|- the loser has no technical points;||
|b) under the equal number of points and “A” evaluations:|
|- by the number of “A”||
1 or 0
|- by the quality of technical points;||
|- by the last technical evaluation;||
1 or 0
|c) under only “A” evaluations:|
|- by the number of “A”||
|- by the last “A”.||
|5.||VICTORY ON WARNINGS|
|(with the absence of technical points and “A” evaluations and equal number of warnings):|
|- by the last evaluation declared to the opponent.||
|6.||ELIMINATION OF THE OPPONENT FOR PASSIVITY|
|(ahead of time!):||
|7.||ELIMINATION OF BOTH CONTESTANTS for passivity or DISQUALIFICATION OF BOTH CONTESTANTS for breaking the Rules (ahead of time!)||
3. In case of contestant’s elimination from the competitions by the doctor’s decision directly before the bout or for being over 1,5 minute late for the bout, his opponent is scored 4:0 with the time 0,00 (victory by the opponent’s elimination before the bout ).
Article 26. Total Victory
1. Total victory is awarded:
a) for the Total throw;
b) for the painful hold;
c) for Great Superiority of one of the contestants;
d) for the opponent’s elimination from the bout (according to art. 30, p. 1 a, b);
e) for the opponent’s elimination from the competitions in the course of the bout (according to art. 30, pp. 3, 4 a, b, c).
2. Total throw is considered such a throw without the attacker’s falling down as a result of which the defensive player from “Standing” position falls down on his back or rolls over his back rapidly (without stopping).
3. The painful hold is scored if one of the contestants gives a submission signal.
The submission signal is given in a loud voice “Yes!” or by clapping twice the mat or the opponent’s body with the hand of foot.
Any exclamation from the contestant taken under the painful hold is considered to be a “give up” signal (except the case foreseen by art. 34, p. 2).
4. If in the course of the bout one of the contestants scores 12 (and over) points more than his opponent, the bout is stopped and the contestant is awarded the victory by Great Superiority.
5. With the Total victory the winner is scored 4 classification (positive) points, the loser gets 0.
Article 27. Victory By Superiority and On Points
1. If after the end of the bout one of the contestants has got 8 to 11 points of advantage this contestant is awarded the victory by Superiority. The winner gets 3,5 positive (classification) points.. The loser gets, or doesn’t, 0,5 positive points depending on whether he has got or hasn’t any technical points by the end of the bout.
2. If after the end of the bout one of the contestants has got 1 to 7 advantage points, he is awarded the victory on Points. In this case the winner may not have any technical points.
The winner gets 3 positive points, the loser gets 1 positive point if by the end of the bout he has got technical points or 0 if no technical points.
Article 28. Technical Victory
1. With no “A” evaluations in the bout and in case of the equal number of points (the tie) after its end, the victory goes to the contestant who has got more points for technical actions. The winner gets 3 positive points, the loser – 1 point if he has got any technical points by the end of the bout or 0 if no technical points.
2. With “A” evaluations in the bout in case of the tie after its end, the victory goes to the contestant who has got more “activities”.
If the contestants have got the equal number of activities, the victory is awarded to the one who has accumulated more points for technical actions, and in case of technical points tie – goes to the one who applied the holds of better quality (more holds evaluated as 4 and 2 points).
In case all the evaluations of both contestants are equal, the victory is awarded to the one who was the last to apply the evaluated hold in the course of the bout (1, 2, 4 points or “A”).
With the technical points the winner gets 3 and the loser 1 positive point if he has scored technical points by the end of the bout or 0 if he has not.
3. With evaluations “A” only and no points after the end of the bout the Technical victory goes to the contestant who has got more “activities” and in case of the tie – to the one who got the “A” evaluation last. In this case the winner gets 2 and the loser 0 positive points.
Article 29. Victory on Warnings
1. If by the end of the bout both contestants have not scored any technical points or “A” evaluation and have the equal number of warnings, the victory goes to the one who got the last evaluation for the warning declared to his opponent.
In this case the winner gets 2 positive points, the loser – 0.
Article 30. Elimination and Disqualification
1. The contestant is eliminated from the bout by the decision of the Chief official and his opponent is awarded the Total victory:
a) at the second attempt to apply the prohibited hold;
b) in case the contestant exceeds 2 minutes allowed for medical service intervention.
In this case the winner gets 4 positive points, the loser – 0. The bout is considered ended ahead of time and its time is stated in the score sheet.
2. The contestant is eliminated from the bout by the Chief official decision after two warnings when it is necessary to declare him the third warning for stalling if the three officials of the bout are of the united opinion or if the opinion of the officials’ majority is supported by the Chief official. In this case his opponent is awarded the victory ahead of time.
3. The contestant is eliminated from the competitions by the Chief Official if he can not continue the competition by the doctor’s decision because of some disease or an injury he got in the course of the bout. His opponent in this case gets 4 positive points and the eliminated one – 0 (in classification he takes the place in accordance with his result by the time he was eliminated.
4. The contestant is eliminated from the competitions by the Chief official (is disqualified):
a) when he does not step up on the mat during 1,5 minute after the first call;
b) for the rude and unethical behavior concerning his opponent, participants, officials and spectators, for the refusal to shake hands with the opponent or doing it tactlessly (incorrectly);
c) for the application of a prohibited hold as a result of which his opponent gets an injury and by the doctor’s decision can not continue to compete;
d) for the deception of officials.
In this case the eliminated contestant gets 0 positive points (in classification he gets neither individual, nor team placing). His opponent is scored 4 positive points.
Article 31. Evaluation of Holds
1. The holds of the attacker the application of which has brought him the Total victory, are evaluated by points. The quality and, respectively, the evaluation of the hold, depends on:
- in what starting position the attacker was before the throw;
- whether he applied the throw with or without falling down;
- in what starting position the defensive fighter was before the throw;
- on what part of the body he fell as a result of the opponent’s throw.
2. 4 points are awarded:
a) for the throw from Standing position with the attacker’s falling down when his opponent falls on the back;
b) for the throw from Standing position without the attacker’s falling down when the opponent falls on his side;
c) for 20 second hold-down.
3. 2 points are awarded:
a) for the throw from Standing position with the attacker’s falling down when the opponent falls on his side;
b) for the throw from Standing position without the attacker’s falling down when his opponent falls on the chest, stomach, buttocks, waist or shoulder;
c) for the throw without falling down when the opponent, who was on his knees or hands before the throw, falls on the back;
d) for over 10 second incomplete hold-down;
e) for the second warning declared to his opponent.
4. 1 point is awarded:
a) for the throw with falling down from Standing position when the opponent falls on his chest, stomach, buttocks, waist or shoulder;
b) for the throw with falling down when the opponent, who was on his knees or hands before the throw, falls on his back;
c) for the throw without falling down when the opponent, who was on his knees or hands before the throw, falls on his side;
d) for the first warning declared to his opponent.
5. “Activity” (“A”) is awarded:
a) for the throw from Standing position without falling down when the opponent falls on his knee (knees);
b) for less than 10 minute incomplete hold-down evaluated once in a bout.
The attacker falls down
Starting position of the defensive contestant
on his knees or hands
Attacker applies a throw from Standing position
without falling down
Without falling down
with falling down
with falling down
|On the back||
|On a side||
|On the chest, stomach, buttocks waist or a shoulder||
|On the knee (knees)||
6. For the attacker’s unsuccessful throw with his falling down on his buttocks, chest, stomach, waist, side or back, his opponent is not scored any points unless he counter-attacks.
If the defensive fighter in his counter-attack could not change the character and direction of the attacker’s falling down and fell himself in the direction of his throw, the attacker’s throw is considered applied.
7. Hold-down applied by the contestant in the course of one bout can’t be evaluated over 4 points in the sum. That is why if a complete hold-down is applied all the points scored prior to that or “activity” for the incomplete hold-down are annulled. Besides, “activity” for the incomplete hold-down is annulled in case the evaluated as 2 points incomplete “hold-down” is applied.
8. When the bout is interrupted by the request of the contestant who is under the hold-down, his opponent in case he didn’t break the Rules is scored as follows:
a) 4 points – if 20 seconds and over are left from the start of the hold-down to the end of the bout;
b) 2 points – if it is less than 20 seconds but over 10 sec left to the end of the bout;
c) Total Victory – if the wrestler taken under the hold-down gives the submission signal.
Article 32. Stalling (Passivity)
Stalling is considered to be:
a) intentional stepping off the mat in Standing position or crawling off in Ground position;
b) no real attempts to apply holds in Standing position;
c) imitation of attacks (false attack); to assume exclusively the defensive posture in Standing combat;
d) stalling from the holds in Standing position;
e) switching to Ground positions with no real attempts to apply a hold;
f) obvious pushing the opponent off the mat.
Article 33. Fight at the Edge of the Mat
1. “Off mat” position (beyond the edge of the mat) is considered to be if:
a) in Standing fight one of the contestants steps off the mat with his foot;
b) in Ground position one of the fighters is off the edge of the mat with the half of his body up to the waist line or shoulder blades and buttocks.
2. In the bout the “off mat” position is defined by the referee and in case of a dispute – by the majority of the three officials.
3. If the contestants find themselves in the “off mat” position, by the referee’s whistle they shall return to the middle of the mat and resume the bout in Standing position. Without the referee’s whistle a contestant shall not stop fighting at the edge of the mat and invite his opponent to the middle. The opponent has the right to apply a hold if there was no whistle.
4. The throw (counter-throw) started on the mat is also evaluated if it ends off the mat in protection zone. The throw started in the “off mat” position is not scored.
5. It is permitted to apply a hold-down or a painful hold started on the mat while one of the contestants contacts the central fighting zone of the mat.
Article 34. Prohibitions and Illegal Holds
1. In Sambo competitions it is prohibited:
a) to throw the opponent on the head, throw with the painful grip (“Knot”, “Lever”) and throw the opponent while falling down on him heavily with the whole body:
b) to apply strangle holds, squeeze the opponent’s mouth and nose thus preventing his breathing;
c) to strike blows, scratch and bite;
d) to apply any painful hods on the spine, twist the neck, squeeze the opponent’s head with the arms or legs or press it to the mat, cross the legs on the opponent’s body;
e) to rest the hands (arms), legs or the head against opponent’s face;
f) to press any part of opponent’s body from above by the elbow or the knee;
g) to apply holds on opponent’s fingers and toes;
h) to apply Arm Bar (bringing the opponent’s arm behind his back); painful holds on hands;
i) to twist the opponent’s foot by the heel and apply “knots” on the foot;
j) to apply “Lever” of the knee, overbending the leg contrary its natural bend;
k) to apply painful holds in Standing position;
l) to apply painful holds by jerks.
2. If officials do not notice the application of the illegal hold, the victim is allowed to give the signal in a voice or by the gesture.
The false signal is considered and penalized as an illegal hold.
3. The following actions are also prohibited:
- to grasp the opponent’s shorts or the sleeve of the jacket from inside;
- to grasp the edge or the covering of the mat.
- to break deliberately the sports uniform by taking the arm from the sleeve of the jacket, roll up the jacket sleeves and so on.
Article 35. Cautions and Warnings
1. Violations of the Rules for which the contestant at fault can be declared a caution, a warning or can be eliminated from a bout or competitions are considered to be (see article 30):
a) appearing late to the mat;
b) application of the illegal hold;
c) rough fighting;
d) violation of discipline;
e) talking during the bout;
f) stalling and other prohibited actions;
g) leaving the mat without the referee’s permission including the intervention of medical service;
h) representative’s, coach’s or other team mates’ prompting alongside with unethical behavior near the mat (for violation of art. 9, pp. 5, 6).
2. The contestant can be declared only one caution in the course of the bout.
The referee has the right to give the contestant a caution without the agreement with other members of the officiating team.
3. For coming to the mat over 30 sec later after the first call the contestant is declared a caution, for being late for over 1 min – the first warning.
4. With the violations of the Rules stated in p.1 e, f, g. a caution is declared first, then a warning for the repeated breaking .
In the bout the first and second warnings are declared to the contestant (contestants) by the majority of the officiating team.
5. If a contestant, taken under a painful hold or the hold-down, has crawled off the mat, he is immediately declared the next penalty for the intentional fleeing the mat: the first, the second warning or elimination from the bout.
6. With the violations of the rules stated in 1, b, c, d the warning is declared without the preliminary caution.
7. In one bout the contestant can not be declared more than one warning for the application of an illegal hold. Every contestant can be declared only two warnings in one bout.
Article 36. Definition and Declaration of the Results of the Bout
1. Total victory is awarded:
a) if the contestant’s technical action is evaluated as a Total throw by not less than two officials of the officiating team;
b) if the contestant successfully applies a painful hold.
2. The Victory by Great Superiority, Superiority, on Points or Technical is defined by the mat chairman in accordance with the records in a score sheet of the bout corresponding to the contestants’ evaluations declared in the course of the bout.
3. A contestant (or both contestants) is eliminated from the bout by unanimous decision of the three officials or by the majority of voices with the permission of the Chief official (or his deputy).
Elimination from the bout or competitions is declared after the agreement with the Chief official (or his deputy).
4. The result is declared as follows:
a) Total victory by Great Superiority: “For… minutes… seconds by Total throw (painful hold, Great Superiority)… from… team won the bout (the winner’s and his team’s names);
b) if no Total victory: “… (the name) from the… (winner’s team) won the bout by Superiority (on Points);
c) if the contestant is eliminated from the bout: “For… minutes… seconds because of the opponent’s elimination the victory goes to… from… team (the name and the winner’s team);
d) if both contestants are eliminated from the bout or competitions: “Both contestants (players) are eliminated from the bout (competitions) and they are declared defeated with the time…minutes…seconds”.
Article 37. Protests
1. The protest may be submitted because of the rough violation of the Rules during the officiating of the bout or when unordinary situation occurs.
2. The procedure to submit a protest is as follows:
- verbal protest is submitted to the Chief official by the team representative directly in the course of the bout stating the article and point of the Rules that was violated;
- after the end of the bout the written protest shall be submitted;
- the protest concerning some unordinary situation (breaking of Regulations, order of weigh-in and pairing, misinformation on the part of the official persons, and so on) shall be submitted immediately after it happens in the written form, so that the Board of Officials will be able to make the decision with the minimum harm for the course and results of the competitions;
- the protest shall be accompanied by the sum of money set by FIAS (for national competitions – set by the National Sambo Federation).
3. Consideration of Protests
* in case the protest deals with the breaking of the Rules while officiating the bout it is considered by the Chief official and the three officials of the bout in question and also the representatives of the concerned parties (with no right to discuss the protest);
* considering the protest dealing with an unordinary situation, the persons involved in the violation of the Rules shall b e present.
4. The decisions on the protest are taken:
- concerning the bout – immediately after the discussion by the Chief official, the bout is resumed after that;
- concerning other reasons – during the time that makes it possible to correct the mistakes with the minimum damage for the course and results of the competitions;
- the Chief Official makes the final decision and the persons involved shall be informed about it;
- in case the protest is upheld the accompanied sum of money shall be returned to the person submitted the protest.
Part 5. Competition Area
Article 38. The Mat
1. The size of the mat for Sambo competitions shall be from 11×11 up to 14×14 meters. The central surface (“working area”) of the mat where the bouts are conducted is the circle 6 to 9 meters in diameter. The width of the protective (safety) zone (the rest of the mat) shall not be less than 2,5 meters in any point of the circle. The mat, made of synthetic fabric, shall be smooth and not less than 5 centimeters thick.
If the mat is made of several smaller mats they shall be pushed together tightly and fastened firmly. There shall be no protuberances or hollows at the places of connection.
The centre of the mat is marked with the circle 1 meter in diameter, the width of bordering line shall make 10 centimeters.
The bounds of the mat (its central surface) shall be clearly marked by the line (or passivity zone).The width of the bounds shall make not less than 10 cm. This line (or zone) is a part of the “working” (central) surface of the mat.
2. The whole surface of the mat shall be covered with the coverlet made of firm soft fabric or some synthetic material without rough seams. The covering shall be tightly stretched and fastened.
Two opposite corners of the mat are marked with red and blue colors (red – to the left of the officials’ table, blue – to the right).
3. To prevent injuries the floor near the mat shall be covered with a soft material, carefully fixed in place (or gymnastics mats) with the width not less than 1 meter, not less than 5 centimeters thick and not thicker than the mat itself.
4. The platform where the mat is placed shall be up to 2,5 meters wider than the mat on every side.
To avoid any injuries at the distance of 2 meters around the mat there should be no strange objects. Spectators shall be seated at the distance of 3 meters from the mat.
5. During the competitions, held on the platform, its height shall not exceed 1 meter. The sides of the platform shall have 450 outside incline.
6. The suitability of the mat and equipment for the competitions is defined by the Chief official, the doctor and representatives of the organization conducting the competition. The mat suitability is recorded in a special reception statement (appendix 10).
Article 39. Special Equipment and Inventory Outfit
1. The sound signal (gong) can be of any system but it shall sound loud enough.
2. The scales for the weigh-in shall be adjusted.
3. Stop-watches (electric stop-watches) shall have devices to stop and turn them off without disregarding minute and second indices before the end of the bout. To inform officials and contestants of every minute of expiration, the tables may be used.
4. To display the evaluation of the players’ technical actions, the mat chairman and the judge may use color officiating signaling (discs with the handles) or Electro signaling.
5. To inform spectators and contestants of the course of the bout an electric score board or a simple shield is placed near the officials’ table to display the points scored by the contestants. The left side of the shield is painted red, the right one – blue. The score tables shall have the figures 1,2,4 and letters “A” and “O” as well as 1,2,A,2,4 to display the evaluations for warnings and hold-downs. Figures and the text on the shield shall be well visible for spectators.
It is admitted to display the sum of points of every contestant in the course of the bout but not separate points.
6. To inform the participants and representatives of the Program, schedule and the course of the competitions the information shield is installed. The shield size and construction is agreed beforehand with the secretariat of the competitions.
Article 40.Requirements for the Competition Venue
Coefficient of the natural light in the hall shall be not less then 1:6, with the artificial light – not less then 100 luxes. The mat should be lighted up from above by the lamps of reflecting or scattered light with the protective net.
The temperature in the venue of competitions shall be +15° to +25°C, humidity not less then 60%. Ventilation shall provide triple air exchange per hour.
In case the competitions are conducted in the open air (outdoors) the temperature shall be from +15 up to +25 degrees C. The mat shall be protected from direct sun rays.
PART 6. COMBAT SAMBO
Competitions in Combat Sambo are held in accordance with the given Rules and some additions:
- Boxing helmet (red or blue)
- Gum shield
- Groin guards
- Combat Sambo gloves (hitting-gripping)
- Leg pads covering the front part of the shin and lacing of the Sambo shoes
Article 41. Evaluations of the bout and technical actions
Evaluation of the holds
Evaluation of the actions
Total (clear) victory (ahead of time)
|a) knockout, two knockoutsb) Total throw or the blow with the opponent’s falling down on his back while the attacker keeps his standing position;c) the choke (strangle);d) painful hold
e) evident (technical) superiority with 12 points or more (art.26);
f) impossibility to continue the fight (bout, combat);
g) disqualification for breaking the Rules (art.30).
|Four points evaluation (“4”)||for a throw, the blow with the falling down from the standing position when the opponent falls on his back (art.31, p.2);b) for the throw, the blow on the side when the attacker keeps the standing position; (art.31, p.2);c) for complete hold-down during 20 sec (art.31, p.2);d) for the knockdown.
Two points evaluation (“2”)
|a) for the throw, the blow (art.31,p.2);b) for the second warning declared to the opponent (art.31,p.3);c) for the incomplete hold-down over 10 sec but less than 20 sec (art.31, p.3).|
One point evaluation (“1”)
|a) for the throw, blow (art.31, p.4);b) for the first warning declared to the opponent (art.31, p.4);|
|Activity||a) for the throw or blow without falling down from standing position when the opponent falls on his knee(knees);|
|Caution||a) in accordance with Sambo Rules (art.31);b) for the passive defense of the defender lying on his stomach;|
|Warning||a) in accordance with Sambo Rules (art. 31);b) for the repeated passive defense of the defender lying on his stomach.|
KNOCKOUT – irreplaceable loss of the possibility to defend as a result of the missed blow: up to the count 10 the fighter can’t come to consciousness and assume the fighting position.
Note: the athlete who got knockout on his head is eliminated from the competitions.
KNOCKDOWN – temporary loss of the possibility to defend as a result of the missed blow: up to the count 10 the fighter completely recovers consciousness and assumes the fighting position.
Note: with “knockdown” evaluation the position of the defender’s body relative to the mat is also evaluated according to the Sambo Rules (art.26, 31) and the evaluation is summed up.
Article 42. Legal (Allowed) technical actions
1. Blow techniques
The blow is an impulsive technical action with the rectilinear or curvilinear trajectory executed by the arms, legs or the head to the parts of the body permitted by the Rules with the definite speed and strength.
The blows are evaluated if after applying the technical action the opponent completely lost his balance and fell down on a certain part of the body and is evaluated according to the Rules (art.26, 31).
1.1. Hand blows may be delivered by any part of the fist (except the base of the palm), with the elbow to the front and side part of the head, the trunk, arms and legs and also to the groin.
1.2. Leg blows are delivered with the knee, shin, foot, heel to the front or the side part of the head (except the oncoming blow with the knee when the opponent passes to the legs), the trunk, on the legs (the inner and outside part of the thigh or the shin) and to the groin.
1.3. Blows with the hands, legs and head in the ground position (except the back of the head, the neck and the rear part of the back, the loins, the coccyx and anus) are allowed if the attacker is also on the ground.
The ground position is defined according to the Sambo Rules.
1.3.1. Elbow blows are allowed except the oncoming blow to the head or collar bone when dragging the opponent by the opposite sleeve or the jacket lapel.
1.3.2. Blows to the head are delivered under the condition that the attacker and defender wear helmets.
2. THROWING TECHNIQUES
2.1. All kinds of throws applied in Sports Sambo are allowed (art.21, p.2).
3. GROUND TECHNIQUES
3.1. Painful holds in the ground position that are allowed in Sambo (art.21, p.3) and also painful holds in standing (Armlocks) including Arm Bar (“Police hold”) may be applied.
Note: During the application of a painful hold in case the defender resumes his standing position the bout is not stopped. In such a situation the defender may guard himself by throwing his opponent to the mat (except landing on the head).
3.2. STRANGLES (chokes) mean technical actions when the opponent’s neck is squeezed preventing his normal breath or making him faint. They are held both in standing and ground positions.
Strangles may be executed with the arms, legs and clothing.
Strangles with the arms are allowed only on the forearm of the attacked arm, not lead to the twisting of the neck part of the spine.
3.2.2. Strangles by the clothing are allowed only by the lapels of the Sambo jacket (except the belt).
3.2.3. Strangles with the legs are allowed only if the impact on the neck is made with the gripped arm of the defender.
3.3. HOLD-DOWNS – all that are permitted by the Rules.
Article 43. Illegal technical actions
a) strike blows with the fingers and toes, open glove and the base of the palm;
b) apply painful holds on the neck, spine, hand and foot;
c) strike blows with the arms and legs from standing to the opponent in who is in ground position;
d) strike blows on the neck, arm and leg joints ( knee and foot arch) when fixing the attacked extremity in the direction against the natural flexion, the back of the head and spine, the loin, coccyx and annul hole, on the eyes with the fingers;
e) strike blows on the head if one of the fighters has no helmet;
f) throws forbidden in Sambo (art.34) and also throws with the hold of the neck;
g) painful holds on muscles or joints forbidden in Sambo (art.34) with the exception of painful holds by arm bar and the situation of its application ( that is the ones allowed in standing position);
h) violation of discipline, rude unethical conduct toward the opponent, participants, officials or spectators.